Improved hydrogen sorption kinetics in new magnesium composites for clean energy storage and transport

H-Sorption in MG

Project timeline
Start:
October 2002
Duration:
36 months
End:
September 2005
General Information
Hydrogen is the ideal means of energy storage, transportation and conversion in a comprehen- sive clean-energy concept. However, the very low boiling point of liquid hydrogen at about -250 C and its low density in gaseous state cause safety problems for its storage in liquid or gaseous form both for stationary and mobile applications and in particular in the future "zero-emission vehicle". Metal hydrides offer a safe alternative medium for transmission and storage of hydro- gen energy. Among these hydrides, Mg-based metal hydrides with volumetric energy density of 1.5-1.6 kWh/l, low cost and high abundance are the best candidate for safe, environ- mentally sound energy storage and transport material. One major objective of the proposed Network research is to elucidate the catalytic roles of various oxide nanoparticle additions in catalysing hydrogen sorption processes in Mg and Mg-based alloys and nano composites. In addition to various experimental techniques, thermodynamic modelling will be undertaken to reach a more fundamental understanding of the catalytic actions of these oxide nanoparticles. More particu- larly, the most effective oxides being of transition metals that are immiscible in Mg, the research will consider the effect of interfacial energies between the oxide nanoparticles and Mg nanograin boundaries.
EU-Programme Acronym and Subprogramme AreaFP5-HUMAN POTENTIAL 2002: Improving the Human Research Potential and the Socio-Economic Knowledge Base, Marie Curie Research Training Network
Project TypeResearch Training Network
Contract NumberHPRN-CT-2002-00208
Co-ordinatorInstitut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (FR)
Total Eligible Costs (€) HZG Eligible Costs (€) EC Funding for HZG (€)
1.440.000200.000
Contact Person at HZG Dr. Thomas Klassen, Institute of Materials Research, WTP
Worldwide Europe

Participants
Universität Dortmund (DE), Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (ES), European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (FR), Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (FR), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ES), University of Oxford (UK), University of Sofia (BG)

(completed September 2005)

Last Update: 15. May 2017