COSYNA Underwater Node System
Within COSYNA, a stable underwater node technology has been developed for shallow-water (< 300 m) applications. Underwater nodes provide the necessary infrastructure, i.e., power and data communication, to continuously operate even complex and power consuming sea bottom based sensor systems. The cable connected system can be deployed for a maximum distance up to 30 km from shore for year-round operations, especially in shelf sea systems with harsh environmental conditions.
The COSYNA Underwater Node System is comprised of up to 10 docking stations for independent sensor units as well as a land based server system providing remotely accessible virtual user desktops for the scientists.
In 2014, two COSYNA Underwater Node Systems are in operation, one in the Southern North Sea off Helgoland and one in the Arctic Ocean at 79°N off Spitsbergen. At the beginning of 2017, a third COSYNA Underwater Node started operations in the Baltic Sea (Boknis Eck, Eckernförder Bucht)
New Underwater Observatory Boknis Eck (German only)
The COSYNA underwater node system at Helgoland (left) and in the Arctic Ocean at Spitsbergen (right).
All data are transferred to the users at 100 MBit/s (max. 1 GBit/s). The COSYNA underwater node technology has been developed and operated jointly by Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht and the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar- and Marine Research in close co-operation with the two companies 4H-Jena (Jena, Germany) and loth-engineering (Wiesbaden, Germany).
The system is specifically designed to host a broad variety of near-bottom measurement systems providing flexible power supply and data communication. Permanent research stations equipped with state-of-the-art sensor technology are highly valuable to provide consistent time-series of hydrographic and biological parameters. Remotely accessible stations operated independently of ship cruises are most important especially in the COSYNA’s target areas North Sea and Arctic Ocean where access for maintenance or repair work is significantly limited by weather.
Salinity and turbity from daily vertical CTD profiles at the AWIPEV-COSYNA Underwater Node at Spitsbergen. Data were measured within a depth range of 10-0 m between 10 October, 2013, and 20 January 2014.