MOSES - Modular Observation Solutions for Earth Systems
In the joint project “Digital Earth”, a mobile and flexible operational measurement system is under development that is designed to measure high-dynamic events, such as heavy rain and flooding or heat waves and droughts.
MOSES (Modular Observation Solutions for Earth Systems) is a research initiative comprising nine Helmholtz research centres belonging to the research field “Earth and the Environment”. The joint project studies the effects of highly dynamic, extreme events, such as heavy rain and flooding or heat waves and droughts, against the background of long-term trends. The measurement systems are combined flexibly into modules for the experiments. With an approach that spans compartments (soil, water, air), the state variables as well as material and energy flows are measured in the MOSES modules. This includes recording processes in the areas of energy, water, nutrients and climate-relevant gases.
The joint project integrates observations in the atmosphere, at the land surface, in coastal regions, in the ocean and in the permafrost zone. The Institute of Coastal Research at the HZG works in a central position within the “Hydrological Extremes” event chain and coordinates the “Ocean Eddies” event chain.
From 2017 to 2021, the Helmholtz centres will be developing the mobile and flexible operational measurement system; MOSES should then be ready for use from 2022. The Helmholtz Association is investing approximately 30M Euros in creating the research infrastructure. MOSES is coordinated at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) in Leipzig.